Bookmark S4H
Refer S4H
Chat
Forum
Sponsors
Search
ADD & ADHD
Autism
Anxiety/Panic
Bipolar
Depression
Domestic Abuse
G A D
O C D
P T S D
Phobias
Schizophrenia
Medications
Testimonials
Crisis #'s
M H News
Comments
Technical Help
F A Q
Awards
Links
Privacy Policy
User Agreement
Disclaimer
Write Us:
Support4Hope
PO Box 184
Deer Lodge, TN
37726

Mental Health Medications Index & Information

Home Anti-Anxiety To find information on idividual medications, select them from the list below.  If you don't find the medication you are looking for in our list, send in your request using our Comments Form, and we will try to add it.
Medications Introduction Anti-Depression
Questions For Your Doctor Anti-Manic
Symptom Relief Anti-Psychotic
Brand names are capitalized.
If menu doesn't work because of your browser,
Click Here
Anti-Convulsants Mood Stabilizers

Antianxiety Medications Anti-Anxiety Drugs

Antipanic and Antianxiety: alprazolam, Xanax, Helix

Generic Name: alprazolam
Brand Name(s): Xanax, Helix
Common Use: Antianxiety agent

Anxiolytic - Antipanic

Considerable evidence suggest that the central pharmacologic/therapeutic actions of alprazolam ( Xanax, Helix ) are mediated via interaction with this receptor complex.

For the management of anxiety disorders or the short-term symptomatic relief of symptoms of excessive anxiety. Anxiety or tension associated with the stress of everyday life usually does not require treatment with an anxiolytic.

Alprazolam ( Xanax, Helix ) is indicated for the treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and is also indicated for the management of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia.

Alprazolam ( Xanax, Helix ) is not recommended for use in patients whose primary diagnosis is psychosis or depression.

As with other CNS depressant drugs, patients should be cautioned against activities requiring mental alertness, judgement and physical coordination such as driving or operating machinery, particularly in the early phases of treatment and until proper adjustment to side effects has been established. Alcohol and benzodiazepines should never be mixed when driving because of the unpredictable CNS depressant effects of this combination.

Withdrawal symptoms have been observed after abrupt discontinuation of benzodiazepines. These include irritability, nervousness, insomnia, agitation, tremors, convulsions, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting and mental impairment. Since these symptoms may be similar to those for which the patient is being treated, it may appear that he has suffered a relapse upon discontinuation. It is suggested that alprazolam should be withdrawn gradually if the individual is suspected of having become dependent, or the drug perhaps has been used in prolonged high doses.

Patients should also be advised against the simultaneous use of other CNS depressant drugs and should be cautioned not to take alcohol during the administration of alprazolam.

Adverse Effects

The most frequently reported are drowsiness, coordination difficulties with dizziness. Release of hostility and other paradoxical effects such as irritability, excitability and hallucinations are known to occur with the use of benzodiazepines.

Other side effects less frequently reported are:
Blurred vision, headache, seizures, slurred speech, difficulty in depth perception. Agitation, mental confusion, depression, irritability, nervousness, sleep disturbances, euphoria, lethargy, stupor. Dry mouth, nausea, nonspecific gastrointestinal disturbances, vomiting. Muscle spasm, muscle weakness. Hypotension, palpitations, tachycardia. Pruritus, rash. Incontinence, change in libido. Decreased hemoglobin and hematocrit, increased and decreased WBC. Increased and decreased blood sugar levels.

Overdose

Manifested as an extension of alprazolam's pharmacologic activity. Varying degrees of CNS depressant effects such as somnolence and hypnosis can occur. Other manifestations may include muscle weakness, ataxia, dysarthria and particularly in children paradoxical excitement. In more severe cases diminished reflexes, confusion and coma may ensue. It should be remembered when treating an overdose that multiple agents may have been ingested. Fatalities with benzodiazepines rarely occur except when other drugs, alcohol or aggravating factors are involved.

Vomiting may be induced if the patient is fully awake.

BACK TO THE MENU

Relative Links

 

 

User Agreement | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Schizophrenia | Autism | PTSD | ADD & ADHD
Domestic Abuse | Depression | Bipolar | GAD | OCD | Medications | Home | Anxiety/Panic | Phobias


Copyright © 1999 -
Support4Hope Inc. All Rights Reserved
Quality Web Design and Hosting where the customer remains 1st Priority